There are a couple of ways you can experience a Finnish carnival. The biggest party happens when Finland wins the ice-hockey world championship.

Fortunately, Finland won in 2019, but, unfortunately, the next time the world championships will be played is quite difficult to foretell.

Luckily, there’s an annual holiday called vappu which is almost as good as the gold medal celebration. Be in Finland on the last day of April and First of May to see this two-day spectacle.

This year May Day gatherings are for sure limited due to the unfortunate situation and the unusual times we’re living in. But, you have plenty of time to prepare yourself for the partying that will happen in coming years when everything is back to normal. I bet it will be massive. So, let’s take a moment to learn about this Finnish holiday.

In a nutshell, May Day is a big national holiday to celebrate work in Finland.

On the Eve of May Day it seems every Finn is out partying, especially students with funny boilersuits (more about them later). On May Day, people flock to the streets, enjoy brunch at a restaurant or have a picnic. It’s a day to spend with friends.

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You cannot talk about vappu without talking about the weather. May Day is infamous for its bad weather.

This Finnish carnival is definitely an outdoor party and Finns naturally always wish for sunny warm weather. That happens once every ten year. Then the partying gets totally crazy and well, not pretty. Usually May Day is cold and rainy – maybe for a reason.  

First of May is a big spring party in Finland

Seven May Day Traditions in Finland

What should you expect if you’re enjoying vappu in Finland? Here are seven Finnish May Day traditions.

#1 The vappu donut. Okay, this is the only mandatory thing that I have for you if you are in Finland during vappu: Eat a real vappu donut. A fresh vappu donut is insanely delicious. So, head to a cafe or market square and make sure to ask if they have made the donuts there today. If there’s any chances, try to get invited to a Finnish vappu party. They will most likely serve fresh vappu donuts there.

#2 True vappu specialties. Two other May Day specialties are tippaleipä (a special funnel cake only eaten on May Day festivities) and sima (non-alcoholic sweet sparkling brew made of water, yeast, lemon, and raisins). Many make these at home, but you can buy them in a grocery store too.

Make a batch of mouth-watering donuts and refreshing sima at home with my Finland Baking Magic eCookbook. With hassle-free recipes and conversions, you can make these vappu specialty recipes and so many other holiday treats for your family!

Finnish May Day sima and donuts

#3 The vappu menu. At vappu Eve (vappuaatto), the menu is super straightforward. Most Finns buy potato salad and frankfurters. What can I say, the traditional focus is on the drinks and donuts.

#4 Brunch away. On May Day, it’s popular to brunch at a restaurant. The table booking needs to be done in advance because pretty much any place will be full.

#5 The funny-looking black & white caps. It’s traditional to wear your graduation hat (ylioppilashattu, in Finnish) during vappu. Back in the day, this was a bit of a status symbol. Nowadays graduating from high school is so regular that this hat thing is just a fun vappu tradition. The dirtier the hat is, the better. It means you have really enjoyed your vappus. In Finland, you can even buy a new vintage-looking cap if you loose your cap when partying hard.

#6 Vappu decorations includes colorful serpentine and balloons. Costume parties are popular for both kids and adults. I don’t know a Finnish school or kindergarten that doesn’t have a costume party during vappu.

#7 Vappumarssi aka Worker’s May Day March. Back in the day, Worker’s May Day March was a big thing in Finland but nowadays it doesn’t have such a big role in the vappu celebrations.

Donughts and sima, home-made fermented soda, are party food of First of May in Finland

May Day and Students in Finland

Finnish students party hard during vappu, especially the engineering students. Contrary to the normal calendar, their vappu is a two-week party and hence called wappu. So the student May Day celebrations start already in the middle of April and culminate on May Day!

Students have many events and traditions for wappu. For example, there’s an official vappu magazine sold on the streets of big technical university cities, such as Helsinki and Tampere. The sellers wear colorful overalls and a black & white hat so it’s easy to spot them if you are in town.

May Day in Finnish

In general, this two-day carnival is called vappu in Finnish. The last day of April is called vappuaatto (the Eve of vappu) and First May is called vappupäivä.

Typical May Day wishes include:

  • Hyvää vappua! (Good vappu!)
  • Hauskaa vappua! (Fun vappu!)
  • Iloista vappua! (Merry vappu!)

Note that vappu (and all Finnish holidays) are always written in small letters.

May Day Celebrations in Helsinki

Want to know how it looks during vappu in Helsinki? Check out this awesome video!

What else would you like to know about vappu in Finland? Let me know in the comments!

Looking for more information about Finnish culture? Check out some of my other posts:

Warm wishes from Finland, 

Finnish dessert recipes

What’s included in the Finnish Baking Magic Kit

  • An E-Cookbook with 21 iconic recipes
  • A Baking Tips video lesson
  • A Video Lesson on the Finnish pronunciation of all 21 treats
  • 1 Master Grocery List with English names and Finnish names

Struggling with conversions? Not with this kit. Start baking your treats hassle-free.

You’ll get 5 copies of the e-cookbook. Pick the one that works for you. 

  • English with American measurements
  • English with gram measurements
  • English with gram & metric measurements
  • English with Finnish measurements (decilitres)
  • Finnish with Finnish measurements (decilitres)

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May Day in Finland is a huge spring carnival! Here is all you need to know about this event!

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I’m Varpu. One blonde,
Finnish engineer driving this site.